Children’s Eye Exams

80% of a child’s learning is thru vision

The First Eye Exam

  • Between 6 to 9 months of age

The main emphasis for a baby’s eye exam is to ensure the health of the eyes and determine if there are any obstacles to developing vision and visual skills (eye alignment, focusing).

Frequency of Children’s Eye Exams

  • Annually
  • Different visual conditions may require an alternate schedule

Vision Development

Vision is comprised of numerous visual skills. Early on (4 – 6 months), visual acuity and colour vision begin to develop. Eye movement control and developing eye-hand coordination follow afterwards (by 6 months). Higher order visual skills include depth perception, eye-hand coordination, and visualization skills.


Different Visual Systems Assessed during childhood:

  • Accommodation (Focusing) System
  • Oculomotor System
    • Vergence: Convergence & Divergence; Moving the eyes inwards and outwards
    • Pursuits & Saccades: Smooth following eye movements and quick targeting movements
    • Eye Alignment: Checking for Eye positioning and misalignments

Symptoms Parents Should Be Aware of for Visual Problems:

  • Red / Itchy / Watery Eyes
  • Sensitivity to light (photosensitivity)
  • Eye misalignments (inwards / outwards)
  • Squinting / Eye Rubbing / Excessive Blinking
  • Lack of Concentration
  • Covering or Closing an Eye
  • Holding objects close to the face
  • Avoidance (Books / TV / etc.)
  • Visible Frustration or Grimacing
  • Head Tilting or Unusual Postures